Immaculate Conception Church
The Immaculate Conception Church was first established in Thailand during the reign of King Narai the Great by Portuguese traders. Its name Immaculate Conception comes from the Catholic belief that by the will of God the Virgin Mary conceived free from sin. The first church was built next to the Chao Phraya River in what was then a small trading port which later was to become the city of Bangkok. Later during the reign of King Rama I in 1785 the church was rebuilt, then again on two other occasions in 1832 and lastly in 1847 by an influential French missionary Monsignor Pallegoix. The Neo-Romanesque building from 1847 remains today. The Church is also known as Chiesa dell’ Immacolata Concezione in Italian, and Wat Khamen in Thai.